The Tarzan Chameleon, Calumna tarzan, is a medium-sized chameleon of about 61-72mm (snout-vent length). The young are recorded as hatching in April. They roost in vegetation about 1-4 meters off the ground. The species was discovered in 2009, in two small fragment of mid-altitude (800-900m) moist rainforest in Madagascar. The Tarzan Chameleon inhabits a limited area within a range of about 10 square km, and because of increasing clearing and degradation of these small forests it is thought to have a highly fractionated and declining population. Furthermore, the areas this species occupies are not within protected regions. There is an effort to establish Ambatofotsy, one of the sites where C. tarzan is found, as a new protected area and also effort put into further surveying to better understand the species’ range. Calumna tarzan is classified by the IUCN as critically endangered, and was placed on the list of the world’s 100 Most Endangered species generated in a 2012 report by the IUCN and Zoological Society of London (ZSL).
(Baillie and Butcher 2012; Uetz, and Hallermann, Reptile Database; Gehring et al 2010; Jenkins et al 2013)
- Baillie J.E.M and E. R. Butcher, 2012. Priceless or Worthless? (PDF). Zoological Society of London. ISBN 978-0-900881-67-1. http://static.zsl.org/files/priceless-or-worthless-final-wq-2040-2050.pdf
- Uetz, C.P. and J Hallermann. Calumma tarzan GEHRING, PABIJAN, RATSOAVINA, KÖHLER, VENCES & GLAW, 2010. The Reptile Database. Retrieved 4 April 2013 from http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Calumma&species=tarzan
- Gehring, P.-S., M. Pabijan, F. M. Ratsoavina, J. Köhler, M. Vences & F. Glaw 2010. A Tarzan yell for conservation: a new chameleon, Calumma tarzan sp. n., proposed as a flagship species for the creation of new nature reserves in Madagascar. Salamandra 46 (3): 167-179.
Jenkins, R.K.B., Andreone, F., Andriamazava, A., Anjeriniaina, M., Brady, L., Glaw, F., Griffiths, R.A., Rabibisoa, N., Rakotomalala, D., Randrianantoandro, J.C., Randrianiriana, J., Randrianizahana , H., Ratsoavina, F. & Robsomanitrandrasana, E. 2011. Calumma tarzan. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2.
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