bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); marine; depth range 0 - 3700 m (Ref. 55584), usually 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 89423)
- Kiraly, S.J., J.A. Moore and P.H. Jasinski 2003 Deepwater and other sharks of the U.S. Atlantic Ocean Exclusive Economic Zone. Mar. Fish. Rev. 65(4):1-64. (Ref. 55584)
- McMillan, P.J., L.H. Griggs, M.P. Francis, P.J Marriott, L.J. Paul, E. Mackay, B.A. Wood, H. Sui and F. Wei 2011 New Zealand fishes. Volume 3: A field guide to common species caught by surface fishing. New Zealand Aquatic Environment and Biodiversity Report No. 69. 145 p. (Ref. 89423)
- Riede, K. 2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p. (Ref. 51243)
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