Endemic to South Africa. Associated with Afromontane Podocarpus forests with a discontinuous distribution from Fort Beaufort in the Eastern Cape through to the Karkloof in KwaZulu-Natal (Wirminghaus 1997; Wirminghaus et al. 1999; Wirminghaus et al. 2000a; Wirminghaus et al. 2000b), with a small relict population in the Limpopo Province (Harrison et al. 1997; Wirminghaus et al. 1999). Breeds in Afromontane forests above 1000m (Skead 1964; Wirminghaus et al. 1999, Wirminghaus et al., in press b). Important forests are those in the Eastern Cape (the Amatole forest complex, Mkambati Nature Reserve, Insikeni and forests around Umtata and Port St. Johns) and in the KwaZulu-Natal Mistbelt Forests (Barnes 1998; C.T. Downs, unpubl. data).