Biology little-known. Oviparous. Utilized for oil, human consumption and fishmeal or fish cakes.
- Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 FAO species catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. (Ref. 244) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=244&speccode=857