Salix caroliniana, commonly known as the coastal plain willow, is a shrub or small tree native to the southeastern United States, Mexico and parts of Central America and the Caribbean. It is an obligate wetland species and grows as an emergent species in the Everglades. In the absence of fire, S. caroliniana can convert herbaceous wetlands to forested wetlands. Although fires kill large woody stems and the species does not reproduce by rhizomes or root sprouts, it sprouts readily after fire. As a result, the total number of stems does not change, but fire converts S. caroliniana from a tree into a shrub.
- Lee, Mary Ann B.; Kenneth L. Snyder; Patricia Valentine-Darby; Steven J. Miller; Kimberli J. Ponzio (2005). "Dormant Season Prescribed Fire as a Management Tool for the Control of Salix caroliniana Michx. in a Floodplain Marsh". Wetlands Ecology and Management 13 (4): 479–487. doi:10.1007/s11273-004-2211-2.
- Patton, Janet Easterday; Walter S. Judd (1988). "A Phenological Study of 20 Vascular Plant Species Occurring on the Paynes Prairie Basin, Alachua County, Florida". Castanea (Southern Appalachian Botanical Society) 53 (2): 149–163.
- Salix caroliniana Michx. Tropicos.
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