Mantidactylus is a frog genus in the family Mantellidae. These frogs live only in Madagascar and Mayotte. These frogs are usually less brightly colored than their relatives in Mantella.
In recent works, Blommersia, Boehmantis, Gephyromantis, Guibemantis, Spinomantis and Wakea are often separated from Mantidactylus.
New species continue to be described at a rate of a few per year on average. Recently-described species are often not formally placed in Mantidactylus; this may eventually be done but until then, names like "Mantidactylus azzurrae" for example are nomina nuda and must not be used.
Recently-described species not placed in Mantidactylus:
- ^ a b Bora, P., Ramilijaona, O., Raminosoa, N., & Vences, M. (2011). "A new species of Mantidactylus (subgenus Chonomatnis) from Ranomafana National Park, eastern Madagascar (Amphibia, Anura, Mantellida)." Zootaxa 2772: 52-60.