- For the African species, see African Swallow-tailed Kite
The Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus) is an elanid kite which breeds from the southeastern United States to eastern Peru and northern Argentina. Most North and Central American breeders winter in South America where the species is resident year round. It was formerly named Falco forficatus.
The species is 50 to 65 cm (20 to 26 in) in length, with a wingspan of approximately 1.12–1.36 m (3.7–4.5 ft). Male and female individuals appear similar. The body weight is 310–600 g (11–21 oz). The body is a contrasting deep black and white. The flight feathers, tail, feet, bill are all black. Another characteristic is the elongated, forked tail at 27.5–37 centimetres (10.8–15 in), hence the name swallow-tailed. The wings are also relatively elongated, as the wing chord measures 39–45 cm (15–18 in). The tarsus is fairly short for the size of the bird at 3.3 cm (1.3 in).
Young Swallow-tailed Kites are duller in color than the adults, and the tail is not as deeply forked.
Habitat and behavior
Sometimes a high-pitched chirp is emitted, though the birds mostly remain silent.
The Swallow-tailed Kite feeds on small reptiles, such as snakes and lizards and frogs, large insects, such as grasshoppers, crickets, small birds and eggs, and small mammals. It drinks by skimming the surface and collecting water in its beak.
Conservation in the United States
Swallow-tailed Kites are not listed as endangered or threatened by the federal government in the United States. They are listed as endangered by the state of South Carolina and as threatened by the state of Texas. They are listed as "rare" by the state of Georgia. Destruction of habitats is chiefly responsible for the decline in numbers. A key conservation area is the Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge in Florida.
- BirdLife International (2009). "Elanoides forficatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/144316. Retrieved 11 May 2006.
- Stiles and Skutch, A guide to the birds of Costa Rica ISBN 0-8014-9600-4