Amietophrynus mauritanicus is found across a large swath of coastal and near coastal northwest Africa, prominently within the Mediterranean woodlands and scrub ecoregion (World Wildlife Fund & Hogan, 2007). This anuran exhibits a fragmented distribution, i.e. a small area of occupancy within the wide geographic extent of occurrence, in Morocco, northern Algeria, northern Tunisia and the North African Spanish territories of Melilla and Ceuta. An introduced population is present on mainland Spain in proximity to the Parque Natural los Alcornocales. This anuran is not confirmed from the Western Sahara, although it may occur in the extreme north (Geniez et al. 2000). However, isolated populations from older records in the Air region of northern Niger and northern Mali as well as the Adrar Mountains of Mauritania and Hoggar of Algeria likely refer to Bufo xeros (Salvador, 1996).
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