Western Indian Ocean: endemic to the Red Sea from the Gulf of Suez south to Massawa and Jiddah on the east coast. It was noted by Dawson (Ref. 5316) that there is a clinal increase in the number of total rings and dorsal rays for the 3 subspecies; more study is needed (Ref. 86689).
- Dawson, C.E. 1985 Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA. (Ref. 5316) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5316&speccode=46103
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