Purple-crowned Fairy-wrens are around 14 cm in length. All birds, regardless of sex or age, have a warm-brown color on top and a white color on the underside. These birds have a blue tail that sticks vertically in the air and a dark bill. Females have a dark gray head with a red-brown “mask” near the eyes. Males tend to be very similar to females during non-breeding season except males have a black, brown, or dark gray “mask” around the eyes. During breeding season males develop a purple coloring on the top of the head with a black spot in the center. The black mask extends further, from the bill to the back of the neck. Juvenile birds are very similar to adult females except for a duller coloration and longer tail.
Average length: 14 cm
Mass: 9-13g, average: 11g
Average wingspan: 16 cm
Sexual dimorphism: males develop a purple coloring on head
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