Commonly found in rocky and reef areas in shallow waters. Less common in seagrass beds. Feeds on other fishes (Ref. 5521) and gastropods (Ref. 9626). Forms leks during breeding (Ref. 55367). A protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 55367).
- Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=7251&speccode=942