Sparrow eggs, chicks, and even adults are vulnerable to many mammal and bird predators. A few are listed below. To avoid predators, they rely on cryptic coloration (camouflage) and the ability to fly. White-throated sparrow nests are always near trees, stumps, or logs. Sparrows use these places as perches to look out for predators.
- raccoons (Procyon_lotor)
- least weasels (Mustela_nivalis)
- Cooper's hawks (Accipiter_cooperii)
- domestic cats (Felis_silvestris)
- great horned owls (Bubo_virginianus)
- American crows (Corvus_brachyrhynchos)
Anti-predator Adaptations: cryptic
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