Lifespan depends on the climate, but is probably never more than one winter. Only adults survive through winter, and even then only in mild climates.
No one has provided updates yet.
This article is unpublished.
Appears under "Life Expectancy"
©1995-2012, The Regents of the University of Michigan and its licensors
© The Regents of the University of Michigan and its licensors
Animal Diversity Web
Marie S. Harris, University of Michigan
Harris, M. 1999. "Vanessa cardui" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed September 16, 2012 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Vanessa_cardui.html
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