學名: Syrmaticus mikado
英名: Mikado Pheasant 黑長尾雉又稱帝雉，為台灣特有種，分布於台灣的中、高海拔山區，棲息於坡度陡峭的針闊葉混合林、針葉林底層中，為台灣雉科鳥類中棲息海拔最高者，與藍腹鷴同列國際動物保護聯盟的紅皮書中。生性謹慎隱密，喜於晨昏、薄霧或細雨中出現於林道覓食。 帝雉不愧為迷霧中的王者，除了雍容高雅的外型外，總是隨時展現出王者之姿，步行時不急不徐，姿態非常優美，長尾時而如劍，時而飄逸，令人贊歎。 The Mikado Pheasant, Syrmaticus mikado
, is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae
of the order Galliformes
, gallinaceous birds. It is endemic to mountainous regions of Taiwan. Mikado Pheasant occupies dense shrubs, bamboo growth and grassy terrain with conifer overstory in central and southern Taiwan, from 2000 to 3200 metres above sea level. Mikado Pheasants will often walk and forage for food (a diet of various fruit, leaves, vegetation, seeds and invertebrates) at the same time, in a manner similar to chickens, on the forest floor and mountain trails, especially on rainy and foggy days. The shiny long-tailed males of this species get to be up to 70 cm in body length, while the smaller and less showy females measure up to 47 cm. "King of mist" is one of local common name in Taiwan.