Flowering and Fruiting
The fruit is an ellipsoid or subglobose aggregate 2.5 to 5 cm (1 to 2 in) long and 1.25 to 3 cm (0.5 to 1.25 in) in diameter and consists of many one- or two-seeded follicles (15,20). The fruits become ripe from July into October and are dull red, brownish red, or nearly green at maturity (2,20). At maturity, the follicles dehisce, and the 6 to 13 mm (0.25 to 0.5 in) long scarlet seeds emerge to hang suspended for a time by fine silky threads (15).
- Burns, Russell M., and Barbara H. Honkala, technical coordinators. 1990. Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers; 2. Hardwoods. Agriculture Handbook 654 (Supersedes Agriculture Handbook 271,Silvics of Forest Trees of the United States, 1965). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. vol.2, 877 pp. http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/table_of_contents.htm
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