Seed Production and Dissemination
Seeds can be collected by picking or stripping the "cones" (strobili) while they are still green enough to prevent shattering. Seeds are removed by flailing and screening or fanning.
- Burns, Russell M., and Barbara H. Honkala, technical coordinators. 1990. Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers; 2. Hardwoods. Agriculture Handbook 654 (Supersedes Agriculture Handbook 271,Silvics of Forest Trees of the United States, 1965). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC. vol.2, 877 pp. http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/table_of_contents.htm
No one has provided updates yet.