Agrimonia, commonly known as Agrimony, is a genus of 12–15 species of perennial herbaceous flowering plants in the family Rosaceae, native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with one species also in Africa. The species grow to between 0.5–2 m tall, with interrupted pinnate leaves, and tiny yellow flowers borne on a single (usually unbranched) spike.
- Agrimonia eupatoria – Common Agrimony (Europe, Asia, Africa)
- Agrimonia gryposepala – Tall Hairy Agrimony (North America)
- Agrimonia incisa – Incised Agrimony (North America)
- Agrimonia coreana – Korean Agrimony (eastern Asia)
- Agrimonia microcarpa – Smallfruit Agrimony (North America)
- Agrimonia nipponica – Japanese Agrimony (eastern Asia)
- Agrimonia parviflora – Harvestlice Agrimony (North America)
- Agrimonia pilosa – Hairy Agrimony (eastern Europe, Asia)
- Agrimonia procera – Fragrant Agrimony (Europe)
- Agrimonia pubescens – Soft or Downy Agrimony (North America)
- Agrimonia repens – Short Agrimony (southwest Asia)
- Agrimonia rostellata – Beaked Agrimony (North America)
- Agrimonia striata – Roadside Agrimony (North America)
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2012)|
Agrimony[specify] has a long history of medicinal use. The English poet Michael Drayton once hailed it as an "all-heal" and through the ages it was considered a panacea. The ancient Greeks used Agrimony to treat eye ailments, and it was made into brews for diarrhea and disorders of the gallbladder, liver, and kidneys. Anglo-Saxons made a solution from the leaves and seeds for healing wounds; this use continued through the Middle Ages and afterward, in a preparation called eau d'arquebusade, or "musket-shot water". Later, agrimony was prescribed for athlete's foot.
Although the plant has no idiopathic properties, tradition holds that when placed under a person's head, Agrimony will induce a deep sleep that will last until removed.
- Aremonia agrimonioides (Bastard-agrimony, of the related genus Aremonia)
- Eupatorium cannabinum (Hemp-agrimony)
- Eriksson, Torsten; Malin S. Hibbs, Anne D. Yoder, Charles F. Delwiche, Michael J. Donoghue (2003). The Phylogeny of Rosoideae (Rosaceae) Based on Sequences of the Internal Transcribed Spacers (ITS) of Nuclear Ribosomal DNA and the TRNL/F Region of Chloroplast DNA. International Journal of Plant Science 164(2):197–211. 2003. (PDF version)