A medium-sized (8 inches) flycatcher, the Western Kingbird is most easily identified by its gray head, olive-green back, yellow belly, and black tail with faint white bands on the edges. This species is most easily distinguished from the related Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis) by that species’ darker body and paler breast. Male and female Western Kingbirds are similar to one another in all seasons. The Western Kingbird breeds across much of the western United States, western Mexico, and southwestern Canada, occurring east to the central Great Plains. This species spends the winter in southern Florida, southwestern Mexico, and the Pacific coast of Central America. During migration, individuals may stray far to the north and east of this species’ breeding range, occasionally turning up as far east as the Atlantic seaboard. Western Kingbirds breed in a variety of open and semi-open habitats, including scrubland, fields, and prairie. During the winter, this species utilizes similar habitats in the tropics as it did in temperate regions during the summer. Like most of their relatives, Western Kingbirds primarily eat small flying insects. In appropriate habitat, Western Kingbirds are most easily seen scanning the surrounding area from a prominent perch. These birds hunt by flying out from perches to capture prey in the air, displaying their characteristic black tail and yellow breast as they do so. Western Kingbirds are primarily active during the day.
- Gamble, Lawrence R. and Timothy M. Bergin. 2012. Western Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/227
- Peterson, Roger Tory. Birds of Eastern and Central North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980. Print.
- Tyrannus verticalis. Xeno-canto. Xeno-canto Foundation, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://xeno-canto.org/browse.php?query=Tyrannus+verticalis.
- Western Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis). The Internet Bird Collection. Lynx Edicions, n.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ibc.lynxeds.com/species/western-kingbird-tyrannus-verticalis.
- eBird Range Map - Western Kingbird. eBird. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, N.d. Web. 20 July 2012. http://ebird.org/ebird/map/weskin.
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