The spiny seahorse (Hippocampus histrix), also referred to as the thorny seahorse, is a seahorse in the family Syngnathidae (seahorses and pipefishes) of the order Syngnathiformes. H. histrix is found in seagrass beds as well as weedy or spongy reefs in the Indo-Pacific and has one of the largest species ranges of any seahorse. It occasionally makes its way into the aquarium trade. It grows to a size of 17 cm in length.
H. histrix is listed as vulnerable by both the IUCN and the Viet Nam National Red Data Book. Trade of this species is limited under CITES, requiring licenses and a minimum size limit to be met. Like many other species of seahorse, H. histrix is increasingly threatened by traditional and patented Chinese medicine.
- Wiswedel, S. 2012. Hippocampus histrix. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 October 2012.
- "Thorny Seahorse (H, histrix')". Project Seahorse. http://seahorse.fisheries.ubc.ca/species/thorny-seahorse-h-histrix. Retrieved 6 Sept 2012.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Hippocampus histrix" in FishBase. Septembler 2012 version.
Spiny seahorse from East Timor
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