Hawkfishes, family Cirrhitidae, comprise some 27 species in 9 genera. Their overall distribution range is principally the Indo-Pacific, with two species in the tropical West and East Atlantic. All hawkfishes are marine; most are found in shallow water with some to a few hundred feet. The longnose hawk is found widely throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific, the Red Sea, eastern Africa, to southern Japan, Nouméa to the eastern Pacific, the lower third of the Sea of Cortez, and northern Columbia to the Galapagos. Never common in its range, at times one has to dive deep outer reef slopes and search about large gorgonians and black coral stands to find it.
Another important trait for ornamental marine collectors is the cirrhitids lack swim bladders, allowing them to be rapidly decompressed after capture.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2008). "Oxycirrhites typus" in FishBase. December 2008 version.
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