The female reaches a body length of 22 millimeters (0.87 in); the more slender male averages 12 millimeters (0.47 in). There usually is a red patch between the eyes, with red spots over the body. The eye region is clothed with white appressed hairs. The legs are green to yellow, with very long black spines, and covered with black spots. It is rather similar to P. longipalpis, the other Peucetia species to occur in the United States.
Gravid females are able to change their color to fit their background. This takes about 16 days.
The female constructs one to four 2-centimeter (0.8 in) egg sacs in September and October, each containing 25 to 600 bright orange eggs, which she guards, usually hanging upside down from a sac and attacking everything that comes near. The eggs hatch after about two weeks, and after another two weeks fully functional spiderlings emerge from the sac. They pass through eight instars to reach maturity. This non venomous spider is usually found on foliage
The green lynx spider very seldom bites humans, and its bite is non-poisonous, though painful. It is primarily of interest for its use in agricultural pest management, for example in cotton fields. The spiders have been observed to hunt several moth species and their larvae, including some of the most important crop pests, such as the bollworm moth (Heliothis zea), the cotton leafworm moth (Alabama agrillacea) and the cabbage looper moth (Trichoplusia ni). However, they also prey on beneficial insects, such as honey bees.
Green Lynx vs Pisauridae, IN
- Oxford GS, Gillespie RG (1998). "Evolution and ecology of spider coloration". Annual Review of Entomology 43: 619–43. doi:10.1146/annurev.ento.43.1.619. PMID 15012400.
- Bush SP, Giem P, Vetter RS (2000). "Green lynx spider (Peucetia viridans) envenomation". American Journal of Emergency Medicine 18 (1): 64–6. doi:10.1016/S0735-6757(00)90052-4. PMID 10674536.
- Williams, Dan. "Green Lynx Spider". Survive Outdoors.com. Survive Outdoors, Inc.. http://www.surviveoutdoors.com/reference/spiders/green_lynx.asp. Retrieved 1 September 2009.