T. magnivelare is one of the most economically valuable forest mushrooms in the Pacific northwest (Kranabetter et al. 2002; Pilz et al. 2008). It is used for food in North America and Asia (Murata et al. 1999) with the majority of the harvest each year exported to Japan (Amaranthus et al. 2000). Between 500 – 700 t of T. magnivelare harvested from the US and Canada is exported to Japan annually and wholesales for 30 – 40 % of the T. matsutake going price. T. matsutake is culturally important in Japan but its production and availability has dramatically declined making the import of T. magnivelare as a replacement all the more important (Yun et al. 1997).
Economically important commodity for rural communities (Zapotecs and peasants) in central Mexico, almost all is exported to Japan. It has been found occassionally for sale in markets in Oaxaca. Produce/gather 2.5-5.0 kg/ha/yr. Mushrooms are harvested by the communites. Fresh mushrooms are graded and processed [ie. dried (in an oven), canned (pickled or cooked before canned), frozen, or freeze dried] before being sold to the exporters (Martinez-Carrera et al. 2002).
- Amaranthus, MP, Pilz, D, Moore, A, Abbott, R, and Luoma, D. 2000. American Matsutake (Tricholoma magnivelare) Across Spatial and Temporal Scales. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-GTR-178: 99-108.
- Kranabetter, JM., R Trowbridge, A Macadam, D McLennan, and J Friesin. 2002. Ecological Descriptions of Pine Mushroom (Tricholoma magnivelare) Habitat and Estimates of Its Extent in Northwestern British Columbia. Forest Ecology and Management, 158: 249-261.
- Martinez-Carrera, D, Morales, P, Pellicer-Gonzalez, E, Leon, H, Aguilar, A, Ramirez, P, Ortega, P, Largo, A, Bonilla, M, and Gomez, M. 2002. Studies on the Traditional Management, and Processing of Matsutake Mushrooms in Oaxaca, Mexico. Micologia Aplicada International, 14: 25-43.
- Murata, H, A Yamada, and K Babasaki. 1999. Identification of Repetitive Sequences Containing Motifs of Retrotransposons in the Ectomycorrhizal Basidiomycetes Tricholoma matsutake. Mycologia, 91: 766-775.
- Pilz, D, Molina, R, and Amaranthus, MP. 2008. Productivity and Sustainable Harvest of Edible Forest Mushrooms. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 13: 83-94.
- Yun, W, Hall, IR, and Evans, LA. 1997. Ectomycorrhizal Fungi with Edible Fruiting Bodies 1. Tricholoma matsutake and Related Fungi. Economic Botany, 51: 311-327.
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