Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and Arabian Gulf (Ref. 11441) to New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales, Australia.
- Myers, R.F. 1999 Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia, 3rd revised and expanded edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 330 p. (Ref. 37816) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=37816&speccode=4307