Common sage (Salvia officinalis) is native to the northern coastal region of the Mediterranean and grows wild in the calcareous mountains of northern and central Spain, southern France, and
the western part of the Balkan Peninsula. It is economically the most important species of the S. officinalis group and, along with S. fruticosa (Rivera et al. 1994), has a very long tradition as a medicinal and aromatic herb with a broad range of applications. Common Sage is cultivated in the countries of the Balkan Peninsula, throughout the Mediterranean region, and in the United States. Although knowledge and use of Common Sage dates back to ancient Greece, there its taxonomy, distribution, and variability remain poorly understood. Radosavljević et al. (2011) developed microsatellite genetic markers that may facilitate a better understanding of this species. (Radosavljević et al. 2011 and references therein)
- Rivera, D., C. Obon, and F. Cano. 1994. The botany, history, and traditional uses of 3-lobed sage (Salvia fruticosa Miller) (Labiatae). Economic Botany 48(2): 190-195.
- Radosavljević, I., J. Jakse, B. Javornik, Z. Satovic, and Z. Liber. 2011. New microsatellite markers for Salvia officinalis (Lamiaceae) and cross-amplification in closely related species.American Journal of Botany e316–e318..