Male. Phalaropes are among the few bird species in which the female is the more brightly-colored and pursues the male, does most of the territorial defense, and leaves the male to do the duty of incubation of the eggs. Benton National Wildlife Refuge, Great Falls, MT, USA. July 15 The use of ANY of my photos, of any file size, is subject to approval by me. Contact me for permission. Larger file sizes of my images are available upon request.