Both the flowers and foliage have an attractive appearance that is somewhat melancholy. Therefore, it is not surprising to find Lesser Periwinkle in use as a ground cover, particularly around cemeteries. This plant has a distinctive appearance that can't be confused with any other plant species, except for the closely related Vinca major (Greater Periwinkle). This latter species naturalizes less often and is uncommon in Illinois. It differs from Lesser Periwinkle by its larger flowers (about 11½" across) and the ciliate hairs of its calyx. The calyx of Lesser Periwinkle, as indicated above, is hairless. Other common names for this species is Common Periwinkle and Running Myrtle.