Northeast Atlantic: known only from the western Mediterranean, more common along the African coasts.
- Stehmann, M. and D.L. BÃ¼rkel 1984 Rajidae. p. 163-196. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 1. (Ref. 3167) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=3167&speccode=2058
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