Atlantic Ocean: Eastern Atlantic: off Mauritania, Gulf of Guinea, off Morocco and Madeira; also off Cape Town, South Africa (Ref. 11953). Western Atlantic: Straits of Florida, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Sea. Often confused with Bathygadus melanobranchus Vaillant, 1888.
- Geistdoerfer, P. 1990 Macrouridae. p. 541-563. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3587)
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