Occur over muddy bottoms of the continental shelf (Ref. 4340), from estuaries to coastal beaches and to relatively deep waters (less than 122 m) (Ref. 57343). Forms loosely-associated schools (Ref. 57343). Feeds on small crustaceans, fishes and other benthic organisms (Ref. 30573). Fish of 12 cm can be caught in large numbers (Ref. 9685).
- Motomura, H. 2004 Threadfins of the world (Family Polynemidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of polynemid species known to date. FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. Rome: FAO. 3:117 p. (Ref. 57343) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=57343&speccode=340
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