A relatively rare species (Ref. 9710) found in coastal areas near reefs (Ref. 30573). Juveniles in shallow weedy areas. Omnivorous (Ref. 2799). Good to eat.
- Smith, M.M. and R.J. McKay 1986 Haemulidae. p. 564-571. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 2799)
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