An epipelagic species (Ref. 6808) found over continental shelves and near oceanic islands. Feeds on small pelagic fishes and crustaceans.
- McEachran, J.D. and C. CapapÃ© 1984 Mobulidae. p. 210-211. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 6679) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=6679&speccode=7618
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