Western Atlantic: Bahamas, Caribbean Sea, and off southern Brazil (specimens found at the Institut für Seefischerei, Universität Hamburg collected from 24°40'S, 44°35'W). Northwest Pacific: Cheju Do Island, south of Korean Peninsula.
- Nakamura, I. and N.V. Parin 1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 15. Snake mackerels and cutlassfishes of the world (families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the snake mackerels, snoeks, escolars, gemfishes, sackfishes, domine, oilfish, cutlassfishes,. scabbardfishes, hairtails, and frostfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(15):136 p. (Ref. 6181) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=6181&speccode=489
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