High-oceanic (Ref. 4479). Found between 175-550 m during the day and near the surface to about 225 m at night (Ref. 4066). Large males partially or non-migratory (Ref. 4066). Exhibit dwarfing in minimum region off Brazil with a maximum length of about 3.6 cm SL and sexual maturity from about 2.7 cm SL (Ref. 4479).
- Hulley, P.A. 1986 Myctophidae. p. 282-321. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4066) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=4066&speccode=10238
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