Found in water courses at high altitude (Ref. 26100). Inhabits cold streams and small rivers, usually in deep, quiet places. Occurs in groups. Feeds on invertebrates. Spawns in April-May. Attains a maximum size of about 70 cm SL (Ref. 59043). Threatened by the construction of dams, introduction of new species and overfishing (Ref. 26100).
- Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof 2007 Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=59043&speccode=231
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