Found mostly on coral reefs and reef flats to at least 20 m depth. Feed mainly on small crustaceans, mollusks and echinoderms (Ref. 9823). Juveniles secretive on inshore reefs. Large adults swim openly on reefs, singly or in small loose aggregations (Ref. 48636).
- Randall, J.E. 1986 Labridae. p. 683-706. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4392) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=4392&speccode=4889