Western Atlantic: Western Caribbean.
- Heemstra, P.C., W.D. Anderson and P.S. Lobel 2003 Serranidae. Groupers (seabasses, creolefish, coney, hinds, hamlets, anthiines, and soapfishes). p. 1308-1369. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae). (Ref. 51229)
No one has provided updates yet.