Inhabit shallow reef flats (Ref. 205). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Form schools at midwater to feed on plankton and benthic invertebrates. Also on shallow seamounts. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding (Ref. 205).
- Jordan, D.S. and B.W. Evermann 1973 The shore fishes of Hawaii. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland, Vermont. 392 p. (Ref. 2826) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=2826&speccode=5136
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