Found mainly in freshwater and estuaries, but also enter the sea (Ref. 4833). Also occur in canals, ditches and ponds (Ref. 12693). Found in clear to turbid streams with rock, gravel or sand bottoms (Ref. 2847). Encountered in medium to large-sized rivers of the lower Mekong (Ref. 12975). Feed on small insects, crustaceans and small fish. Grow to a much larger size in brackish water than in fresh water. Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693). Cannibalism is relatively common for this species (Ref. 48660).
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