Found in coastal waters and trawling grounds. Caught with bottom trawls, bottom longlines, handlines, gillnets and traps.
- McKay, R.J. 1984 Haemulidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 2. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3412)
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