Inhabits turbid standing waters as well as clear free flowing streams (Ref. 11225). Feeds on worms, crustaceans and insects (Ref. 7020). Reproduces in captivity (Ref. 26543). Both parents guard the eggs and larvae (Ref. 7020). Has been used to control mosquito larvae (Ref. 40602). Aquarium keeping: in pairs; minimum aquarium size 100 cm (Ref. 51539).
- Kullander, S.O. 2003 Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
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