Migrates into large estuaries and inshore bays in the spring to breed (Ref. 6871). Oviparous, two egg cases (Ref. 26346) are laid on sandy or muddy bottoms and take up to 8 months to hatch (Ref. 6871). Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).Young hatch at about 15 cm (Ref. 26346).
- Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=205&speccode=1256
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