Occur in rocky reefs and boulder fields (Ref. 27437), the young found in shallower regions (Ref. 27436). Feed on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 28499). Viviparous (Ref. 34817). Sold as fillets (Ref. 6885).
- Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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