North Pacific: Zhemchug Canyon in the Bering Sea and Amchitka Island in the Aleutian chain to San Diego, California, USA.
- Allen, M.J. and G.B. Smith 1988 Atlas and zoogeography of common fishes in the Bering Sea and northeastern Pacific. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 66, 151 p. (Ref. 6793) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=6793&speccode=4156
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