Usually found on or near bottom in kelp beds or rocky areas (Ref. 2850). Viviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36715).
- Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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