demersal; non-migratory (Ref. 43439); marine; depth range 0 - 24 m (Ref. 51666), usually 0 - 1 m (Ref. 43439)
- Love, R.M. 1991 Probably more than you want to know about the fishes of the Pacific coast. Really Big Press, Santa Barbara, California, USA, 215 p. (Ref. 43439)
- Mecklenburg, C.W. and B.A. Sheiko 2004 Family Stichaeidae Gill 1864 - pricklebacks. Calif. Acad. Sci. Annotated Checklists of Fishes (35):36. (Ref. 51666)
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