Occur in coastal waters, frequently in rocky reefs and occasionally over sandy bottoms (Ref. 9114); often near kelp beds. Juveniles form schools in littoral pools (Ref. 9114). Feed on crustaceans, mollusks and bryozoans. Pelagic spawner (Ref. 56049). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9114).
- Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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