Host specific on manta rays, but occasionally attaches to sharks. Often occurs inside gill chamber and mouth of host. Also attaches itself to black marlin, Makaira indica, of the Indo-Pacific Region (Ref. 7251). Rarely free-swimming (Ref. 10791). Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).
- Gray, K.N., J.R. McDowell, B.B. Collette and J.E. Graves 2009 A molecular phylogeny of the remoras and their relatives. Bull. Mar. Sci. 84(2):183-198. (Ref. 86676) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=86676&speccode=3548
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