Adults prefer exposed deep reefs and rocky outcroppings (Ref. 7251). Eggs are incubated orally by both parents (Ref. 240). This is the only species in the genus Apogon with mouthbrooding done by males and females (Ref. 85456).
- Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=7251&speccode=942
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