Eastern Pacific: Half Moon Bay in central California, USA to south central Baja California and Guadalupe Island off north central Baja California, Mexico.
- Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann 1983 A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
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