Probably worldwide. Western Atlantic: southeastern Florida in USA. Southeast Atlantic: False Bay, South Africa (Ref. 4165). Northwest Pacific: Japan (Ref. 559). Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaii and Mexico (Ref. 4165). Indian Ocean: India (Ref. 4165).
- Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray 1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=7251&speccode=942
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